Clifford Ando

Biography and Interests: 

Clifford Ando

Title: David B. and Clara E. Stern Professor; Professor of Classics, History and Law and in the College; Co-Director, Center for the Study of Ancient Religions, University of Chicago; Research Fellow, Department of Classics and World Languages, University of South Africa
Education: Ph.D. Michigan 1996
Office: Classics 23
Areas of Specialization: Roman history; Roman religion; legal history; contemporary social theory; the history of political thought; metaphor and cognition

Clifford Ando's research focuses on the history of religion, law and government.  His current projects include a cognitivist study of metaphor, metonymy and analogy in Roman legal and political language; a history and critique of Roman and neo-Roman political thought; and a monographic as well as an edited study of state power in antiquity.


Recent Books:

  • Roman Social Imaginaries (Toronto, forthcoming).
  • with Jörg Rüpke, Public and Private in Ancient Mediterranean Law and Religion: Historical and Comparative Studies (De Gruyter, forthcoming).
  • Religion et gouvernement dans l'Empire romain (EHESS 2014).

Recent Articles:

  • "Religion and Violence in Late Roman North Africa,"  Journal of Late Antiquity 6.1 (2014), 197-202.
  • "Pluralism and empire, from Rome to Robert Cover," Critical Analysis of Law: An International & Interdisciplinary Law Review 1 (2014), 1-22 (available here).
  • "Three revolutions in government," forthcoming in Lucian Reinfandt, Stephan Prochazka and Sven Tost, Official epistolography and the languages of power, Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, forthcoming 2015.
  • "The changing face of Cisalpine identity," Alison Cooley, ed. A companion to Roman Italy (Oxford: Blackwell), forthcoming.
  • "Mythistory: the pre-Roman past in Latin Late Antiquity," Hartmut Leppin, ed. Antike Mythologie in christlichen Kontexte der Spätantike — Bilde, Räume, Texte, forthcoming.
  • "Colonialism, Colonization," Daniel L. Selden and Phiroze Vasunia, eds. The Oxford Handbook of Literatures of the Roman Empire. Oxford: Oxford University Press, forthcoming.
  • "Fact, fiction and social reality in Roman law," Maksymilian del Mar and William Twining, eds., Legal Fictions in Theory and Practice, Boston: Springer, forthcoming.
  • "Making Romans: democracy and social differentiation under Rome,"  Myles Lavan, Richard Payne and John Weisweiler, eds.  Imperial Cosmopolitanisms.  Global Identities and Imperial Cultures in Ancient Eurasia.


  • Romans Outside Rome
  • Greek Thought and Literature
  • Study Abroad Program in Rome
  • Latin Prose Survey
  • Cicero, De Republica
  • Roman Law
  • Intermediate Latin
  • State and Subject in the Roman Empire
  • Empire and Enlightenment