Clifford Ando

Biography and Interests: 

Clifford Ando

Title: David B. and Clara E. Stern Professor; Professor of Classics, History and Law and in the College; Co-Director, Center for the Study of Ancient Religions, University of Chicago; Research Fellow, Department of Classics and World Languages, University of South Africa
Education: Ph.D. Michigan 1996
Office: Classics 23
Areas of Specialization: Roman history; Roman religion; legal history; contemporary social theory; the history of political thought; metaphor and cognition

Clifford Ando's research focuses on the history of religion, law and government.  His current projects include a cognitivist study of metaphor, metonymy and analogy in Roman legal and political language; a history and critique of Roman and neo-Roman political thought; and a monographic as well as an edited study of state power in antiquity.


Recent Books:

  • With Jörg Rüpke. Public and Private in Ancient Mediterranean Law and Religion. Berlin:  Walter de Gruyter, 2015
  • Roman Social Imaginaries.  Language and thought in contexts of empire. Robson Classical Lectures. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2015
  • As translator, John Scheid, The Gods, the State and the Individual.  Reflections on civic religion at Rome.  A translation of Les dieux, l’État et l’individu. La religion civique dans la Rome antique (Paris: Seuil, 2013). Philadelphia:  University of Pennsylvania Press, 2015
  • Citizenship and Empire in Europe, 200-1900. The Antonine Constitution after 1800 Years. Stuttgart:  Franz Steiner Verlag, 2016
  • Religion et gouvernement dans l'Empire romain. Bibliothèque de l'École des Hautes Études, Sciences Religieuses, volume 172. Turnhout: Brepols, 2016
  • The New Ancient Legal History. Critical Analysis of Law 3.1 (2016), forthcoming
  • With Paul du Plessis and Kaius Tuori, The Oxford Handbook of Roman Law and Society. Oxford: Oxford University Press, forthcoming 2016


Recent Articles:

  • "Fact, fiction and social reality in Roman law." In Maksymilian del Mar and William Twining, eds., Legal Fictions in Theory and Practice, Boston: Springer, 2015.  295-323
  • With Jörg Rüpke, "Introduction." Clifford Ando and Jörg Rüpke, eds., Public and Private in Ancient Mediterranean Law and Religion. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2015. 1-9
  • "Three revolutions in government." In Lucian Reinfandt, Stephan Prochazka and Sven Tost, eds., Official epistolography and the languages of power, Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 2015. 163-172
  • "Mythistory: the pre-Roman past in Latin Late Antiquity." In Hartmut Leppin, ed., Antike Mythologie in christlichen Kontexte der Spätantike — Bilde, Räume, Texte. Millennium-Studien.  Berlin: De Gruyter, 2015. 205-218
  • "Exemplum, analogy and precedent in Roman law." Michèle Lowrie and Susanne Lüdemann, eds., Between Exemplarity and Singularity: Literature, Philosophy, Law. New York: Routledge, 2015. 111-122
  • With Anne McGinness.  "In Memoriam Sabine G. MacCormack."  Journal of Jesuit Studies 2 (2015), 1-9
  • "La forme canonique de l'empire antique : le cas de l'empire romain," Ius Politicum 14 (2015), on-line
  • "Translator's Foreword," in John Scheid, The Gods, the State and the Individual.  Reflections on civic religion at Rome, translated by Clifford Ando.  Philadelphia:  University of Pennsylvania Press, 2015. xi-xvii
  • "Praesentia Numinis. Part 3:  Idols in context (of use)." Asdiwal 10 (2015), 61-76
  • "Introduction. Sovereignty, territoriality and universalism in the aftermath of Caracalla." Clifford Ando, ed., Citizenship and Empire in Europe. The Antonine Constitution after 1800 Years. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner, 2016. 7-27
  • "Religiöse und politische Zugehörigkeit von Caracalla bis Theodosius."  Translated by Leif Scheuermann.  Keryx - Zeitschrift für Antike, forthcoming 2015
  • "The Changing Face of Cisalpine Identity." In Alison Cooley, ed., A Companion to Roman Italy.  Oxford: Blackwell, 2016, forthcoming
  • "Triumph in the decentralized empire." Johannes Wienand and Fabian Goldbeck, eds. Der römische Triumph in Prinzipat und Spätantike.  Berlin: De Gruyter, 2016
  • "Cassius Dio on imperial legitimacy, from the Antonines to the Severans."  Michel Molin et al., eds., Cassius Dion: nouvelles lectures / New Studies on Cassius Dio, Bordeaux: Ausonius, 2016, forthcoming
  • "The rites of others." Jonathan Edmondson and Alison Keith, eds. Roman Literary Cultures: Domestic Politics, Revolutionary Poetics, Civic Spectacles. University of Toronto Press, 2016, forthcoming
  • "The Varieties of Ancient Legal History Today." Critical Analysis of Law 3.1 (2016), forthcoming
  • "Colonialism, Colonization: Roman Perspectives." Daniel L. Selden and Phiroze Vasunia, eds. The Oxford Handbook of Literatures of the Roman Empire. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016, forthcoming


  • Romans Outside Rome
  • Greek Thought and Literature
  • Study Abroad Program in Rome
  • Latin Prose Survey
  • Cicero, De Republica
  • Roman Law
  • Intermediate Latin
  • State and Subject in the Roman Empire
  • Empire and Enlightenment